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2021年考研英语(一)真题及答案解析之阅读1

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更多 发布于:2021-03-14 20:36
考研资料为大家整理了考研英语长难句分析——精选考研英语真题例句,进行结构解析、句子翻译和词汇指南,帮你读懂长难句,拿下考研英语!更多长难句资料,关注公众号:kaoyanyo,发送关键词:长难句。


Text 1


How can the train operators possibly justify yet another increase tcrail passenger fares? lt has become a grimly reliable annual ritual: every January the cost of travelling by train rises, imposing asignificant extra burden on those who have no option but to usether ail network to get to work or otherwise. This year srise, an average of2.7percent, maybea fraction lower than last year's, but it is stil well above the official Consumer Price Index(CPl) measure of inflation. Successive governments have permitted such increases on the grounds that the cost of investing in and running the rail network should be borne by those who use it, rather than the general tax payei Why, thear gumentgoes, should a car-driving pensioner from Lincoln shire have to subsidise the daily commute of a stock broke ifrom Surrey ? Equally, there is a sense that the travails of commuters in the South East. many of whom wilface among the biggest rises, have received too much attention compared to those who must endure there latively poor infrastructure of the Midlands and the North.


However, over the past 12months, those commuters have also experienced some of the worst rail strikes in years. It is all very well train operators trumpeting the improvements the are making to the network. but passengers should be able to expect a basic level of service for the substantial sums they are now paying to travel. There sponsibility for the latest wave of strikes rests on the unions. However, there is a strong case that those who have been worstaffected by industrial action should receive compensation for the disruption they have suffered.


The Government has pledged to change the law to introduce aminimum service requirements othat, even when strikes occur services can continue to operate. This should form part of a wide ipackage of measures to address the long-running problems onBritain ' srailways. Yes, more investment is needed, but passengers wills not be willing to pay more indefinitely if they must also endurecramped unreliable services . punctuated by regular chaos whertimetablesarechanged, orplannedmaintenanceismanagedincompetently. The threat of nationalisation may have


been seen of lfor now.butit will return with a vengeance if the justified angerofpassengers is not addressed in short order .


21.The author holds that this year 's increase in rail passengers fares


A.will ease train operation 's burden


B. has kept pace with inflation


C.is a big surprise to commuters


D.remains an unreasonable measure


22.The stockbroker in2is used to stand for


A.car drivers


B.rail travellers


C. local investors


D. ordinary taxpayers


23.It is indicated in 3 that train operators


A. are offering compensations to commuters


B.aretying to repair relations with the unionsl


C. have failed to provide an adequate service


D. have suffered huge losses owing to the strikes


24. If unable to calm down passengers. the railways may have to face


A. the loss of investment


B. the collapse of operations


C.a reduction of revenue.


D.a change of ownership


25. Which of the following would be the best title for the text?


A. Who Are to Blame for the Strikes?


B. Constant Complaining Doesn't Work


C. Can Nationalization Bring Hope?


D. lEver-rising Fares Aren't Sustainable


以上就是考研英语资料2021年考研英语(一)真题及答案解析之阅读1,为大家整理了考研英语长难句分析——精选考研英语真题例句,进行结构解析、句子翻译和词汇指南,帮你读懂长难句,拿下考研英语!更多长难句资料,关注公众号:kaoyanyo,发送关键词:长难句。
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