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Directions: In the following article, some sentences have been removed. FoiQuestions 41-45, choose the most suitable one from the list A-Gtcfit into each of the numbered blanks. There are two extra choiceswhich do not fit in any of the blanks. Mark your answers on ANSWERSHEET 1.(10points)
In the movices and on televivion , artificial intelligence is typically depicted as something sinister that will upendourwayoflife. When itcomes to A I in business, we often hear about it in relation tcautomation and the impending loss of jobs butinwhatwaysisAlchanging companies and the larger economy that don't involve doom-and-gloom mass unemployment predictions?
A recent survey of manufacturing and service industries from Tata Consultancy Services found that companies currently use A I moreoften in computer-to-computer activities than in automating humanactivities . Onecommonapplication? Preventing electronic securitybreaches, which, rather than eliminating ITjobs, actually makes thosepersonnel more valuable to employers, because they help firmsprevent hacking attempts.
Here are a few other ways A l is aiding companies without replacing employees.
Better hiring practices Companies are using artificial intelligence to remove some of theunconscious bias from hiring decisions."There are experiments thatshow that, naturally, the results of interviews are much more biasedthan what Aldoes,"says Pedro Domingos, author of The MasterAlgorith on: HowtheQust for the Ultimate learning Machine WilReam be Our Worldanda computer science 41____One company that 's doing this is called Blendoor. Ituses analytics to helpidentify where there maybe bias in the hiring process.
More effective marketing Some A I software can analyze and optimize marketing email subject lines to increase open rates . One company in the UK, Phrasee, claims their software can outperform humans by up to 10 percentwhen it comes to email open rates. This can mean millions more inrevenue.42____These are"tools that help people used ata, nota replacement for people,"says Patrick H. Winston,a professor ofartificial intellgence and computer science at MIT.
Saving customers money Energy companies can use A I to help customers reduce theirelectricity bils, saving them money while helping the environmentCompanies can also optimize their own energy use and cut down onthe cost of electricity. Insurance companies, meanwhile, canbase theirpremiums on A I models that more accurately access risk."Beforethey might not insure the ones who felt like a high risk or chargethe mtoomuch, says Domingos,43____
"Machine learning often provides a more reliable form of statisticswhich makes data more valuable,"says Winston. It"helps peoplemake smarter decisions."44____
Protecting and maintaining infrastructure A number of companies, particularly in energy and transportation, use A l image processing technology to inspect infrastructure and prevent equipment failure or leaks before they happen."If they failfirst and the nyoufixthem, it's very expensive,"says Domingo s."45____
A.I replaces the boring parts of your job. lfyou' redoingresearch, you can have Algo out and look for relevant sources and informationthat otherwise you just would n't have time for.
B. Oneaccountingfirm, EY, uses an Al system that helps reviewcontracts during an audit. Thisprocess, along with employees reviewing the contracts, is faster and more accurate.
C. There are also companies like Acquisio, which analyzes advertising performance across multiple channels like Adwords, Bingand social media and makes adjustments or suggestions about whereadvertising funds will yield best results.
D. You want to predict if something needs attention now and pointto where it's useful for employees to go to.
E. Before, they might not insure the ones who felt like a high risk orcharge the mtoomuch, or they would charge them too little and thenit would costthe company money.
F. We' re also giving our customers better channels versus pickingup the phone to accomplish something beyond humanscale.
G. Allooksat resumes in greater numbers than humans would beable to, and selects the more promising candidates.