楼主#更多 发布于：2021-01-17 22:45
Section 1 Use of English
Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered lank and mark A, В, C or D on ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points)
Part A ,Directions:
Read the following four texts. Answer the questions below each text by choosing A, B, C, or D. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET 1.(40 points)
We're fairly good at judging people based on first impressions, thin slices of experience ranging from a glimpse of a photo to a five-minute interaction, and deliberation can be not only extraneous but intrusive. In one study of the ability she dubbed "thin slicing, the late psychologist Nalini Ambady asked participants to watch silent 10-second video clips of professors and to rate the instructor' s overall effectiveness. Their ratings correlated strongly with students′end-of-semester ratings.Another set of participants had to count backward from 1,000 by nines as they watched the clips ccupying their conscious working memory. Their ratings were just as accurate,demonstrating the intuitive nature of the social processing.
Critically, another group was asked to spend a minute writing down easons for their judgment, before giving the rating. Accuracy dropped dramatically.
Ambady suspected that deliberation focused hem on vivid but misleading cues,such as certain gestures or tterances, rather than letting the complex interplay of subtle signals a holistic impression. She found similar interference wher participants watched 15-second clips of pairs of people and judged whether they were strangers, friends, or dating partners.Other research
shows we're better at detecting deception and sexual orientation from thin slices when we rely on intuition instead reflection. "It's as if you're driving a stick shift," says Judith Hall, a psychologist at Northeastern University,"and if you start thinking bout it too much, you can't remember what you're doing.But if you o on automatic pilot, you're fine.Much of our social life is like that'Thinking too much can also harm our ability to form preferences College students' ratings of strawberry jams and college courses aligned better with experts' opinions when the students weren't asked to analyze their rationale.
And people made car-buying decisions that were both objectively better and more personally satisfying when asked to focus on their feelings rather than on details, but only if the decision was complex-when they had a lot of information to process.
Intion's special powers are unleashed only in certain cricumstances.In one study, participants completed a battery of eight tasks, including four that tapped reflective thinking (discerning rules comprehending vocabulary)and four that tapped intuition and creativity(generating new products or figures of speech). Then they rated the degree to which they had used intuition("gut feelings,""hunches," "my heart").Use of their gut hurt their performance on the first four tasks, as expected, and helped them on the rest Sometimes the heart is smarter than the head.
36. Nalini Ambaby's study deals with_
A. instructor student interaction
B.the power of people's memory
C.the reliability of first impressions
D. People's ability to influence others
37.In Ambaby's study,rating participants_
A.gave the rating in limited time
B.focused on specific details
C.watched shorter video clips
D.discussed with on another
38. Judith Hall mentions driving to mention that
A.memory can be selective
B.reflection can be distracting
C.social skills must be cultivated
D.deception is difficult to detect
39. When you are making complex decisions, it is advisable to
A.follow your feelings
B.list your preferences
C.seek expert advice
D.collect enough data