楼主#更多 发布于：2021-01-17 22:28
Section 1 Use of English
Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered lank and mark A, В, C or D on ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points)
Part A ,Directions:
Read the following four texts. Answer the questions below each text by choosing A, B, C, or D. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET 1.(40 points)
Reskilling is something that sounds like a buzzword but is actually areauirement if we plan to have a future where a lot of would-be workers do not get left behind. We know we are moving Into a period where the jobs in demand will change rapidly, as will the requirements of the jobs that remain.Research by the WEF detailed in the Harvard Business Review, finds that on average 42 per cent of the core skills " within job roles will change by 2022.
That is a very short timeline, so we can only imagine what the changes will be further in the future.
The question of who should pay for reskilling is a thorny one For individual companies, the temptation is always to let go of workers whose skills are no longer demand and replace them with those whose skills are. That does not always happen. AT&T is often given as the gold standard of a company who decided to do a massive reskilling program rather than go with a fire-and-hire strategy,Ultimately retraining 18,000 employees. Prepandemic, other companies including Amazon and Disney had also pledged to create their own plans. When the skills mismatch is in the broader economy though, the focus usually turns to government to handle. Efforts in Canada and elsewhere have been arguably languid at best. and have given us a situation where we frequently hear of employers begging for workers even at times and In regions where unemployment is high.
With the pandemic, unemployment is very high indeed. In February at 3.5 per cent and 5.5 per cent respectively, unemployment rates in Canada and the United States were at generational lows and worker shortages were everywhere. As of May, those rates had spiked up tc13.3 per cent and 13.7 per cent, and although many worker shortages had disappeared, not all had done so. In the medical field, to take an obvious example, the pandemic meant that there were still clear shortages of doctors, nurses and other medical personnel.
Of course, it is not like you can take an unemployed waiter and train him to be a doctor in a few weeks. But even if you can not close that gap, maybe you can close others, and doing so would be to the benefit of all concerned. That
seems to be the case in Sweden: Where forced to furlough 90 percent of their cabin staff, Scandinavian Airlines decided to start up a short retraining program that re skilled the laid-off workers to support hospital staff. The effort
was a collective one and involved other companies as well as a Swed is university.
21.Research by the World Economic Forum suggests( )
A. an increase in full-time employment
B. an urgent demand for new job skills
C. a steady growth of job opportunities
D. a controversy about the "core skills"
22. AT&T is cited to show( )
A. an alternative to the fire-and-hire strategy
B. an immediate need for government support
C. the importance of staff appraisal standards
D. the characteristics of reskilling program
23.Efforts to resolve the skills mismatch in Canada
A. have driven up labour costs
B. have proved to be inconsistent
C. have met with fierce opposition
D. have appeared to be insufficient
24.We can learn from Paragraph 3 that there was
A. a call for policy adjustment. B. a change in hiring practices.
C. a lack of medical workers
D. a sign of economic recovery.
25.Scandinavian Airlines decided to
A. Great job vacancies for the unemployed.
B. Prepare their laid-off workers for other jobs.
C. Retrain their cabin staff for better services
D. finance their staff' s college education