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2013年厦门大学考研真题814阅读及英美文学、语言学基础Passage2

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更多 发布于:2021-01-14 19:59
本站为大家收集整理了厦门大学2013年考研真题回忆版,因为是学长学姐回忆版,因此并不全面,如果同学们有更完整资料,可以关注公众号:kaoyanyo,通过平台分享给更多需要的人。


When the private automobile began to arrive on the scene early in this century, most urban and rural areas enjoyed rather adequate public transit systems. In fact, the electric tram—here in this country called streetcar or trolley—was conquering the world. It was clearly a time to recognize and appreciate a good thing when one saw is. And good they were, those electric street railways.


We could consider forever as to whether the authorities stopped to think hard enough about the implications of the private car, which was initially intended only for the distinguished. If they had, their correct conclusion could hardly have been anything else but severe shrinkage if not a total prohibition. Nothing of the sort did happen, and the disastrous consequences have been with us ever since—and they are getting worse all the time.


While feeling sorry for this development, most commentators take for granted that it is too late to reverse this course of events; the costs would be prohibitive, too many people would resist, and we would be left with w permanent feeling of regret and shame for all the wasted resources, human, monetary and natural, if we should have to start all over.


Nevertheless, an opposite view presents itself. Though it would have been vastly preferable if governments had always paid attention to the old saying, “To rule is to foresee”, the trend in this century has been “Seeing is believing”. If the private car had been stopped suddenly, people would have continued to thirst for it, refusing to believe that traveling by car simply could not work on any large scale. So the lesson, however costly it has been, may be seen as historically unavoidable among people who are less than perfect.


Having come to this conclusion, we ought to begin immediately with a gradual withdrawal of private autos in favour of public transit vehicles. One particular obstacle must be overcome in this effort: the false idea that we need mass transit only during rush hours, and that cars are no problem in the quiet of the day.


In my opinion, mass transit should be built up as rapidly as possible to become so attractive that more and more people will decide for replacing their cars when the time is up, for, as has been stressed in much of the literature on the subject, today’s population has not really chosen them. Instead, for lack of an alternative, the auto was forced on us.


6. The author considers the disastrous consequences brought about by the private car as   unavoidable because _______.


A) it is too late to reverse the development of the private car


B) many people will resist this change because of all the resources wasted


C) people will not discard the private car until they are aware of its grave side


D) the government failed to pay attention to the old saying: “To rule is to foresee”.


7. When the private automobile came into being early in this century, ________.


 A) the authorities did not think hard enough about its implications


 B) the authorities gave up their initial opposition to this transportation means


 C) the public transit system could no longer meet the ever-increasing demands of the public


 D) the electric tram was already on the decline in face of the more advanced transit means


8. When the author say in Paragraph 3 “If they had, their correct conclusion could hardly havebeen anything else but severe shrinkage if not a total prohibition.” , he means _______.


A) the authorities were right in the issue of private cars.


B) it was wrong to get rid of private cars.


C) it is time to prohibit private cars.


D) the authorities made correct decisions about private cars.


9. The word “perfect” (in Para.4) most probably means _________.


A) accurate   B) faultless  C) skilful   D) ultimate


10. In the author’s opinion, the general public are using the private car because _________.


A) they think it is no problem in the quiet of the day


B) there is hardly enough public transit available in most areas


C) it presents an irresistible attraction to them


D) they do not have a satisfactory substitute


以上就是2013年厦门大学考研真题814阅读及英美文学、语言学基础Passage2,因为是学长学姐回忆版,因此并不全面,如果同学们有更完整资料,可以关注公众号:kaoyanyo,通过平台分享给更多需要的人。
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