楼主#更多 发布于：2021-01-14 19:56
In 1575—over 400 years ago—the French scholar Louis Le Roy published a leaned book in which he voiced despair over the changes caused by the social and technological innovations of his time, what we now call the Renaissance. We also feel that our times are out of joint; we even have reason to believe that our descendants will be worse off than we are.
The earth will soon be overcrowded and its resources exhausted. Pollution will ruin the environment, upset he climate, damage human health. The gap in living standards between the rich and the poor will widen and lead the angry, hungry people of the world to acts of desperation including the use of nuclear weapons as blackmail. Such are the inevitable consequences of population and technological growth if present trends continue.
The future is never a projection of the past. Animals probably have no choice to escape from the tyranny of biological evolution, but human beings are blessed with the freedom of social evolution. For us, trend is not destiny. The escape from existing trends is now facilitated by the fact that societies anticipate future dangers and take preventive steps against expected changes.
Despite the widespread belief that the world has become too complex for comprehension by the human brain, modern societies have often responded effectively to critical situations. The decrease in birth rates, the partial prohibition of pesticides and the rethinking of technological of the production and use of energy are but a few examples illustrating a sudden reversal of trends caused not by political upsets or scientific breakthroughs, but by public awareness of consequences.
Even more striking are the situations in which social attitudes concerning future difficulties undergo rapid changes before the problems have come to pass—witness the heated arguments about the problems of behaviour control and of genetic engineering even though there is as yet no proof that effective methods can be developed to manipulate behaviour and genes on a population scale.
One of the characteristics of our times is thus the rapidity with which steps can be taken to change the orientation of certain trends and even to reverse them. Such changes usually emerge from grassroot movements rather than from official directives.
1. What can be inferred from Paragraph 1?
A) Future will always be worse off than present
B) Worry about future seems to be inherited in human beings.
C) It is unnecessary to worry about future
D) It is justified to worry about future
2. According to the reading selection, if present trends continue, which one of the following situations will not occur?
A) An overpopulated earth will be unable to sustain its inhabitants.
B) The rich will become richer and the poor will become poorer.
C) New sources of energy form vast coal deposits will be substituted for the soon-to-be-exhausted resources of oil and natural gas
D) The effects of pollution will render the earth and its atmosphere a threat to mankind.
3. The best illustration of the meaning of “trend is not destiny” in Para. 3 is ______.
A) human beings are blessed with the freedom of social evolution
B) the world has become too complex for comprehension by human brain
C) critical processed can overshoot and cause catastrophes
D) the earth will soon be overcrowded and its resources exhausted
4. According to the passage, evidences of the insight of the public into danger which surround us can be found in all of the following except ______.
A) a decline in birth rate
B) opposition to the use of pesticides
C) public meetings to complain about dumping chemicals in power production and energy use
D) an increase in the military budget by the president
5. The author is in favour if the opinion that ______.
A) nuclear weapons won’t play a prominent role in dealings among people
B) people feel powerless when confronted with the sudden reversal of trend caused by scientific advances
C) modern scientists and the public are conscious of the future dangers and ready to take
D) our time is characterized by the trend of rapid development of science and technology whichis inevitable and irreversible