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考研英语长难句解析每日一句第六天

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更多 发布于:2021-04-29 18:59
考研资料网为大家分享一份关于将考研英语大纲 5500 词整理成 784 个句子的材料,希望对大家有所帮助,如果需要下载word打印版,请关注公众号:kaoyanyo,发送关键词:16天


6.On another level, many in the medical community acknowledge that the assisted--suicide debate has been fueled in part by the despair of patients for whom modern medicine has prolonged the physical agony of dying.


【词汇突破】


agony 痛苦


despair  绝望


prolong 延长


【主干识别】many acknowledge that +宾语从句 (many 作为代词表示很多人,或者很多个体)


【其他成分】On another level 做状语和in the medical community做定语;the assisted--suicide debate has been fueled by the despair of patients为宾语从句主干;


特别提示:fuel本来意思是燃料,但是这里可以理解为由于,因为,加剧的意思;为了以后阅读理解更透彻,可以直接把结构A is fueled by B 理解为:A是结果;B是原因.


例句:


China's success is fueled by the age of globlization.


【微观解析】in part宾语从句中的状语,for whom modern medicine has prolonged the physical agony of dying.定语从句修饰patients; 定语从句还原为一个独立的句子就是:Modern medicine has prolonged the physical agony of dying for them. 这个句子中的them 和前面句子中的patients 为相同名词,因此在这里作者将其写成了一个定语从句,但是在翻译的时候是要分译的。


这句话在定语从句的前世和今生:


suicide debate has been fueled in part by the despair of patients.


The modern medicine has prolonged the physical agony of dying for them.


(两个句子中出现了共有的名词patients 和 them,于是them 被换成了whom ;for whom 一并提前。)


【难点揭秘】同样是隔离结构在阅读的过程中给我们带来不舒服的感觉,in part 放到了 fueled 和 by 之间,in the medical community放到了many和acknowledge之间。


【译文赏析】在另一个层面上,很多医疗界的人士承认,关于医生帮助下的自杀的讨论,部分是因为病人的绝望情绪,对病人来说,现代医学已经延长了死亡的生理的痛苦。


【写作】On another level,many in the educational establishment acknowledge that the debate on the ranking of universities  has been fueled in part by the despair of graduates for whom the discrimination brought by the ranking of university has put more obstacles on their job hunting way.


以上就是考研英语资料:考研英语长难句解析每日一句6,希望对大家有所帮助,另外为大家准备了《考研英语重要词汇释义用法》,如果需要下载word打印版,请关注公众号:kaoyanyo,发送关键词:词汇用法
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